NEDlines | Architecture

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Architecture

Architecture in the future will be different from nowadays. Though we may see the future trends in the  modern urban constructions. We may also see the basic prinsiples of architecture that have been preserved and still used in constructing buildings.

See the film  “10 Greatest Architecture Cities in the World”  and try to remember the most interesting cities that provide  architecture with masterpieces and serve as models for the future. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDiNLcB7luA

What cities are mentioned in the video?

What architectural structure described there do you consider to be the greatest? Why?

Who are those celebrities, who have become well-known due to their masterpieces? Do you know any names of famous architects?

These are some facts about one of them -  Frank Lloyd Wright.

Read the text attentively and try to remember main facts. Before you start reading, have a look at the words you may find unknown:

rent                  paying  money in return for using something

skyscraper       a very tall building

acclaimed        widely praised and admired

trademark       a special design that is identified with a person or a company

free rein          being allowed to do what you want to do

innovative       new and original

architect          a person who designs buildings

specify            to list the requirements; to describe in a detailed way

dealer              a person who sells something

In 1991, Frank Lloyd Wright was recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time" by the American Institute of Architects. In over 400 buildings completed from 1888 to 1959, Wright showed a distinctive style and attention to detail that put American architecture on the map. Wright 5 was widely acclaimed, both during and after his lifetime, for his original and innovative work on homes, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, museums, and offices. He designed some of the most famous buildings in America.

Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in Wisconsin. He later moved with his family to the city of Madison. It was there that he attended high school and university, though it seems that he did not graduate from either. Instead, he left university after two years to work in Chicago as a draftsman. It was while working as a draftsman that he learned how to design buildings, eventually becoming confident enough to open his own architectural practice in 1893.

Wright's first buildings were conservatively designed, in keeping with the is tastes of his clients. Nonetheless, these homes and buildings showed some of the simple shapes and straight lines that were to become Wright's trademarks. As he became more famous, Wright was able to pick and choose his projects and have free rein on the design of the buildings. Some of his most famous and remarkable constructions include: Fallingwater, a house in Pennsylvania that го was built over a waterfall; the Guggenheim Museum in New York city; and Price Tower, a 19-story building in Oklahoma.

Frank Lloyd Wright was not only famous for his architecture. He was also a noted dealer in Japanese art, the author of more than 20 books and many articles, and a popular lecturer in the United States and Europe. Often, after designing a home, he would supply the artwork that completed the interior design, design the furniture, and specify the interior fittings.

Frank Lloyd Wright's many fans across the world often visit the United States and tour his houses. They can even stay the night in some of them. There are Frank Lloyd Wright homes available for rent in Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Wisconsin, and the upper floors of the Price Tower are now a boutique hotel. Of the 400 Wright designed buildings that were built, about 300 still survive. Visiting a Frank Lloyd Wright house is a rare treat if you are at all interested in architecture.

(Soo Kim, Ian Bosiak Reading Planet 1, Student book,p. 192 – 193 )

Now get acquainted with one of the most famous buildings  Frank Lloyd Wright built - Fallingwater. Read the text and try to remember the most important facts.

Some new words with translation to facilitate your reading:

audible                        able to be heard

property                      a piece of land or real estate

retreat                         a special place for relaxation

itinerary                      a travel plan that lists times, dates, and locations

protrude                      to stick out

staircase                      a set of stairs

conservation               the act of saving and protecting

retailer                         a person that sells goods in retail stores

masterpiece                 a work of art that is excellent, or the best example of the artist's work

surpass                        to exceed; to be better or to have more of something

boost                           to increase; to improve

measurement              a quantity like size or amount

recreate                       to create something again

gold-plated                 covered with a thin layer of gold

luxurious                     expensive and very comfortable

breathtaking               being extremely beautiful and impressive

magnificence              something that is very attractive and impressive

droplet                        a very small drop of liquid

THE HOUSE THAT NATURE BUILT

Fallingwater is the name given to a house that was designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in the mid 1930s. The house is now recognized as an architectural masterpiece, and it is ranked 29th on the list of favorite American architecture by the American Institute of Architects. Fallingwater is famous for the way it sits over the top 5 of a waterfall. The stream that feeds the waterfall runs right underneath the house.

Fallingwater was one of Frank Lloyd Wright's later projects. Beginning in 1934, the famous architect worked with the Kaufman family, who were wealthy retailers from Pittsburgh. The Kaufmans owned some land in the Allegheny Mountains that had a forest, a stream, and a waterfall. This property was their holiday retreat, and ioFallingwater was to be their new holiday home. Site preparation began in 1935, and construction was completed two years later. The final cost was $155,000, which equals 2.4 million dollars today.

Fallingwater was the Kaufman's weekend holiday home until 1963, when the family donated it to a conservation group. This group opened Fallingwater to the public is as a museum, and people flocked to the house to see its remarkable design. Visitors love the way the house extends out over the waterfall, and remark that the sound of the falls is audible throughout Fallingwater. In addition, the house is built from stone, with the forest surrounding it on all sides, so it feels like part of 20 the landscape. When visitors enter the living room, they see some of the large rocks that the house was built on protruding through the floor. This was done because the rocks were one of the Kaufman's favorite sunbathing spots. The highpoint of any tour of Fallingwater is to descend 25 the internal staircase that takes you down to the stream beneath the house. Nearly six million people have visited the house since it was opened to the public.

If you want to visit Fallingwater, it is situated 145 km south east of Pittsburgh. Visitors can sign up for a one hour 30 tour or an in-depth two hour tour. Visitors will be amazed by Fallingwater's magical setting. It is also one of the most original Frank Lloyd Wright homes in existence. Every aspect remains almost exactly as it was when Wright designed it, including the furniture, interior fittings, and artwork. You should definitely think about adding Fallingwater to your itinerary next time you visit the United States.

(Soo Kim, Ian Bosiak Reading Planet 1, Student book p. 200-201)

Watch the film about this building to visualize this wonderful construction. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HuZ0x5Qkgzg

Assignment:

  1. Watch the presentation to sum up the material and get ready for the quiz. https://prezi.com/view/kjH2xIWGfu0iZRTwdLmS/
  2. Write an essay to the teacher, continuing the following sentences and expanding them:
  • The most amazing building / house I have ever seen is...
  • It's located in ....
  • It was built by ….in….
  • It is famous because …
  • It's amazing because ...
  • I would (not) like to live \ work in such a building because….

3. Take a quiz.

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Natalia Albertovna Gritsyshina
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