NEDlines | Amazing Human Brain

STEAM - science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics

Amazing Human Brain

What does the brain do?

How much is it important?

Do you think, scientists understand our brain fully?

Is it true that neural cells can not be restored?

Did you know that you are carrying around the best computer in the world and one of the most complex structures in the universe& It’s right there on top of your body. It’s your brain.

Your brain is your body control center. It tells your eyes to see, your lungs to breathe and your heart to beat. Your brain is a huge part of what makes you, YOU. All your likes and dislikes, your memories and habits, are stored in your brain. In addition, your brain is kept busy processing all the information that is brought to you by your five senses. Its job is to organize this information so that you can understand the world around you. In your brain sounds become speech and symbols become letters. In fact, your brain is what allows you to read this passage in this book!

Different parts of your brain are in charge of all these different activities. Your brainstem is the part of your brain at the top of your neck. It controls your breathing and heartbeat. On top of the brainstem is your cerebellum. It is in charge of balance and coordination. The cerebral cortex is the large bumpy part that most people think of when they picture the brain. It helps you understand language, solve problems and remember things. Some activities use many different parts of the brain at the same time.

All the different parts of your brain are made up of special cells called neurons. An adult brain weights 1,5 kilograms and has billions and billions of neurons in it. The neurons “talk” to one another by passing chemicals and electricity between them. When these electrochemical signals are passed from one neuron to another, they create a pathway called  a synapse. As you learn new things, your brain creates new synapses.

The study of the brain is called neuroscience. Neuroscientists spend their time observing, analyzing, testing and wondering about how brains function. They have learnt a lot, but they also say that our brains may be too complex to be fully understood.

Isn’t your brain amazing?

(Soo Kim, Ian Bosiak Reading world 2, Student book, p.110)

Learn the new words you have come across in the text:

English word Translation English word Translation
brain мозг synapse синапс
cerebellum мозжечок neuroscience неврология
cerebral cortex кора головного мозга observation наблюдение
bumpy part бугристая часть function функция
neuron нейрон complex сложный
electrochemical signals электрохимические сигналы amazing удивительный
pathway канал breathing дыхание

Watch the film to get more ideas about the brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_M21zvMcgLU

While watching find the answers to the following:

  • Brain is the most important part of the body because ….
  • The size of the brain doesn’t always mean being clever. If we compare a dog and an elephant ….
  • Brain generates energy which is enough to ….
  • When you learn new things electric messages …
  • Things that help the brain work are ….
  • Things that are harmful for the brain are ….
  • To develop your brain you should …

Assignment for your brain:

1.Write an essay about the brain with the help of the following phrases (continue them) and send it to the teacher:

  • Brain is the most important part of the body because ….
  • The size of the brain doesn’t always mean being clever. If we compare a dog and an elephant ….
  • Brain generates energy which is enough to ….
  • When you learn new things electric messages …
  • Things that help the brain work are ….
  • Things that are harmful for the brain are ….
  • To develop your brain you should …

2. Design you original home for the brain. HOME for your brain is not just technologies! It is the place where YOU become smarter. Think about the questions:

  • What can you do to develop your brain at home?
  • What will you make at home to provide these activities?
  • How will you use technologies in developing your home?

Find a picture of such a place in the internet or draw it yourself. You may also find some ideas (and sum up the material of the lesson) in the presentation

Stick the picture of your dream home to the wall to watch every day.

And make the first step to your future dream!

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Olga Georgievna Minina
Role : CEO of NEDlines
  • Website : https://vk.com/olminina
  • Experience : PhD, Associate Professor, Head of Linguistics and Cross-Cultural Communication Department at Syktyvkar State University President of the Komi Regional English Language Teachers’ Association KOMELTA http://komelta.ru Expert of National English Language Teachers’ Association NATE http://nate-russia.ru Alumnus of Russian-American exchange visitors programs: «International Visitors Leadership Program» (2007), «TESOL on-demand Program» (2017) Manager of Russian- American program for young entrepreneurs – ADVANCE https://vk.com/advancekomi Manager of Russian- American projects: BVI (Teaching English to blind and visually impaired people), Peer-to-Peer Dialogue (2014- 2016) Administrator of bachelor and master degree programs on linguists Head of Scientific Research Center “Linguistic and didactic innovations” Trainer in “Public speaking”, “Critical thinking”, “Modern educational techniques”, “Workshop technologies”
  • Specialist in : Teaching English to young adults, training teachers of English in new technologies, projects management
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